On the territory of the boot, right in the center of centuries-old Rome is the Vatican – a small, independent state that has become the center of the Roman Catholic Church. The real and full name of the country is the Vatican. In Italian, its official name is Stato della Città del Vaticano. The Vatican is an absolute monarchy – one of the few countries in the world with this status. The full legislative, judicial and executive body is the Pope. He gives a speech every Wednesday morning as he addresses the general public in many languages and blesses all those gathered in front of St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world. The project is by Donato Bramante, Carlo Maderno and Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, and the impressive dome of the basilica is the work of Michelangelo. St. Peter himself was crucified in the Vatican, near the Nero Gardens, and was buried at the foot of the hill, just below the main altar of St. Peter’s Basilica.
The Vatican is the smallest country in the world with only 0.44 square kilometers. Despite the huge bunch of tourists each year, the Vatican’s local population is less than 1,000, and no one was born in the Vatican. There is no hospital in the country, which predetermines the fact that its natives were actually born in Rome. Those wishing to become residents of the Vatican and obtain citizenship do not need to be born in the country, but only to live and work there. By the way, the Vatican drinks the most wine. The smaller the population, the stranger this fact sounds – the small country can boast the highest consumption of wine per capita. If we calculate how many liters of wine per person, the amount will reach 54 liters.
In addition, we should say that the Vatican is supported by donations. Instead of paying their taxes to the Italian government, Italians are allowed to donate 8% of their annual taxes to the Vatican. Moreover, the treasury includes income from interest, shares, issuance of stamps, coins, souvenirs and more. It sounds strange and a little special, but the Vatican post office is one of the best in the world – many Rome residents believe more in the speed and speed of the Vatican post office than in the reliability of Italian postal services. The good reputation of the post office is also benefited by a number of tourists who send postcards from the Vatican to their relatives every year.